To read or not to read is the question. Like they say, “literature is an imitation of life” and so it is. With all the distinct genres, era and imitations, literature let are the seed grow of time that depicts the reality of a certain century, place or a person. From Mahabharata to Iliad, every piece of literature carries reality curtained in words. And to celebrate this variant versatility, we bring to you 15 famous plays of all times.
1. Waiting For Godot | Samuel Beckett
“What are we waiting for?”
And it continued this way till the end.
To many people this play would not make sense if you just read it plainly. But let us put a very recent example for you in here. Have you watched the “flat lime soda” episode of Sketchy Behavior? If yes, then let us unfold to you that the whole concept of the series had been this very play, where the characters are talking and demanding of a thing that they do not know exist or does not exist, while they just wait for it.
The play follows the similar pattern, where the characters wait till the end for Godot and the irony is that they do not know if Godot exists. Now this Godot could be anything, most likely God. The whole point here is that Samuel Beckett with this play brought to life the Theater of Absurd where he talks extensively about existentialism, absurdism, nothingness and every little detail of what we go through now in a tragic comic tone. Why it tops are list? Well, you need to read it to know it.
2. Rhinoceros | Eugene Ionesco
Next, we picked up for you the critically acclaimed author Eugene Ionesco and his 20th century play, Rhinoceros. Now, the era of 20th century had something for the absurd theory and not to forget, it was also the time of Theater of the Absurd.
A lot of us might not know what exactly does the term absurdity or absurd theater equates at. Well, for beginners let’s put in a lay man language, where the point of this kind of literature as well as theater is to depict the reality of human nature, of how a common thing is actually a reason we give to ourselves to live to save ourselves from the crisis of existentialism.
Sounds heavy? Well you don’t need to worry, for, on surface level the play is a comedy that has tragedy and terrific conditions turned into laughter.
3. The Ways Of The World | William Congreve
This play is “Mera Naam Joker” of literature. Why would I say this? William Congreve made such a brilliant effort with this play but the saddening news was that the play was structured way to ahead of its time and thus it was a fail for the critics even after having so much of new to it.
One thing that needs to be noted about the play is the fact that it was the first play ever where the female characters were played by females themselves or else before it all the characters, male or female, both were played by men.
One another thing interesting thing about the play and also one of the reason it failed is that, the female character in this play was given voice and power, where the lead female character was allowed to choose her own husband and on her own terms.
Not to forget the marital affairs in the play. As we said, depicting reality, Congreve did it with stark moves where he portrayed how human relationships have come down to materialism and not love.
4. Doctor Faustus | Christopher Marlowe
In the books of playwrights there are some names that will never die, like William Shakespeare, and his successor Christopher Marlowe. Although there have been a number of controversial debates about William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe when it comes to their career but the undeniable fact remains that both of them have been and till date holds the position of being revolutionary playwrights.
They had their own understanding and writing styles from the rest. For that matter, while some critics have also found similarities in their work, some regard them as symbol of two different eras.
So, coming back to Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus, this play speaks everything about magic, power, after life, hell, Satan and redemption. It’s a play of scientists whose pride about his success ruins his life, so much so that he can not even die and live only in hell. A must read play of all times.
5. A Streetcar Named Desire | Tennessee Williams
A play crafted on the broken hearts of the Americans, of a rich girl falling in love with an industrial revolution struck boy, who marry and move to the other side of the country, and of a sister who pretends to be rich, happy and independent. A play of shallow lives, tortured souls, pain, grief and rape.
Tennessee Williams pens in blood the reality of the life after industrial revolution hit the grounds, about how the aristocracy melted and how all of this not just affected the country’s economy but also personal souls.
The play typically presents how a sudden evolution can actually lead to mental as well as nerves break down for people where things like values, god, love, faith, relations, everything fades to fall apart as brutal, cruel reality.
6. Ghosts | Henrik Ibsen
If we just stand by the name of the play it might look as some horror story of supernatural powers. But that’s the thing about literature, it always gives you surprises.
Not that the play turns out to comedy, no, in fact according to what Henrik Ibsen wanted to portray, the ghost remains there, but the whole key is to find out what this ghost is. Probably the sudden call of death, the broken relationships, corruption in marriage, or sexually transmitted diseases.
We would totally break the doors open for you but what’s the thrill in it! A very quick and short play is good read for all those who probably want to foresee a different chapter in life.
7. Silence! The Court Is In Session | Vijay Tendulkar
Modern era literature to the most of us remains as most remarkable for we can easily relate to its characters, situation and speech. While we are just witnessing #metoo, plays like these had already had them decades ago.
A play within a play as it is mostly acknowledged as, Vijay Tendulkar’s this play is originally a Marathi play, where it reached heights of fame, whenever the play was translated into English so as to reach a wider audience.
The play, Silence! The Court Is In Session, shows how the character of a unmarried woman was questioned by her own colleagues in form of a mock court trail for there play that was to get into action just after a few hours. The entire play portrays how the male dominated society questioned the woman for not marrying, for having relationship with a married professor and for getting pregnant before marriage.
The irony that Vijay Tendulkar wished to preset was how even other women questioned her own sex and no one pointed at the act of cheating that the professor was involved in where he was in an extramarital affair with some other woman.
The play talks about the hypocrisy of the modern society, where we say we are modern and pertain a broad mind, but in reality, we do not.
8. Hamlet | William Shakespeare
Hamlet, is probably that one play about which everyone has heard, either in school or in college or just in conversation. It is undoubtedly one of the most famous plays of all times that has witnessed a lot of adaptations either in plays or movies. Not to forget, the movie Haider, starer Shahid Kapoor was a clear adaption of the play.
To be or not be is the question that pertains throughout the play. Not put as a fancy line but as the perplexity of the mind of Prince Hamlet, where his father has been killed, his mother has cheated him by marrying his own uncle who plotted at killing his father. Prince Hamlet deals with falling relationship, hatred and family corruption all at same time. Now how does all of this ends is something to read about.
9. Oedipus Rex | Sophocles
How many of you have heard the term ‘Oedipus complex’ ? Let’s break it down even more. Have you ever heard the concept that a son is close to his mother and when he looks for a life partner he tries to find the attributes of his mother in his wife! Now here is a play which gave way to this concept.
Oedipus Rex by Sophocles is among the oldest plays ever written wherein Oedipus’s birth was prophet that he would kill his own father to marry his mother. Although he was abandoned soon after his birth, the play is all about understanding his journey and the power of fate. Did he marry his mother or did he not??
10. Othello | William Shakespeare
One of the most talked plays of its time, Othello reached a great of liking back in the days of Shakespeare. And the fact that Shakespeare did not write tragedy plays very often made it steal the limelight even more. Also, Shakespeare writing about a black man who got all the powers and respect but later killed his own white wife gave him both good and bad criticism. Bagging the light of the audience and the critics all at once this play has always stood as a must read in our shelf.
11. Twelfth Night | William Shakespeare
Not that we are a Shakespeare fan, but when you talk of literature and then too of plays, you just can’t neglect Shakespeare. Just as we told you in the above pointer, it is rare for Shakespeare to write a tragedy play, so here we bring to you one of his comedy plays- Twelfth Night. Well, we won’t disclose the key of laughters and puns for you here, but one thing which we can uncurtain for is how the playwright is full of disguise, gypsy and love stories.
12. Death Of A Salesman | Arthur Miller
A very modern play once again, where Arthur Miller as a playwright has closely captured the difficulties of a human nature with the correct amount of industrial revolution and loss of confidence pinched into the dialogues of the play. Death of a Salesman is the story of every middle class man who is trying to lift the standard of living for himself and his family. It is a play of the people and for the people, where the protagonist fails, outshines and then fails again but in different aspects and relations.
13. Andha Yug | Bharati
Andha Yug, as the name pertains, is an Indian play adapted from the much anticipated Mahabharata where the characters of the play are named after the Indian mythology but depict in a very embellished form of then political scenario of the country.
Bharati has closely used the personality of political figures like Jawaharlal Nehru and Gandhi among others named under the character of Mahabharata. Like it has been always said that literature in its way depict the reality of the times the piece was written it, so does Andha Yug portrays the condition of the country in that time.
14. A Doll’s House | Henrik Ibsen
What if she did not open the door and did not leave the house? What if she cared of what the world will say and stay for her kids and husband? What if like thousands of women her age she would have just adjusted to the ways of world and not fought for herself?
Maybe, in that case, Henrik Ibsen’s this piece of visualization would have gone under the huge amount of literary works that show the pity, pain and helplessness of women. The mere fact that he did not follow the route of all and took the road less traveled by gave him all the success.
15. The Rover | Aphra Behn
This play by Aphra Behn if read in this era would not catch the eyes of a wow experience, but only if read with the insights about the era in which the play was written, it would catch sense.
Fact one, Aphra Behn was the first female playwright to not just write but also publish as well as present to the audience.
Fact two, she as a playwright and also as an individual had a very strong and rebellious state of mind and personality, where she fought the patriarchy.
Fact three, her play was the only rebellious play of that era that had women in power with a mode of rebel.
Aphra Behn, with the power of her pen wanted to not just stand against the male dominated society but also bring out the hidden words of women.