Auschwitz in present times is located in German-occupied Poland also known as Auschwitz Birkenau. The history fanatics tell you about the marred past of this place which was once a concentration camp. It was one of the six concentration and extermination camps that were established by the Nazis with the main motive to mass murder the Jews. The Germans used barbed wire fencing to ostracise the Jews from the outside world. The Auschwitz Tours take you through the place of unfortunate events and pay homage to human courage and mettle. The visitors learn about the living conditions of the Jews and also the prisoners of the Holocaust. Visitors can also explore the crematoriums, cabins of Birkenau, railway ramps, watchtowers and gas chambers which are now listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Auschwitz can be reached easily by a nearby town which is known as Krakow and is not so popular area of Poland. Treblinka happens to be the closest extermination camp to Warsaw and ranked second to Auschwitz in the killing of the Jews has now been transformed into a museum where you can see objects like barbed wires and also the personal belongings of the captives. Rynek Gtowny is the town square which dates back to the 13th century and is encompassed by palaces and churches.
Explore the concentration camp complex which was the killing centre in Nazi-occupied Europe. It is located in southern Poland on the borders of Oswiecim which consists of the original camp Auschwitz I and the much larger second camp of Birkenau. It was two miles away and had forty sub-camps and the largest was Buna. The guided tours of the museum take around three hours to complete. The exhibitions designed by the museum are like a study about Auschwitz and the Holocaust. The exhibition brings forth the atrocities and the fate of the victims of the concentration and extermination camp is depicted by those who survived. The Art of Prisoners shows terrible living conditions, starvation and tiredness caused by long-lasting working hours which were accompanied by humiliation and beating. The museum also takes care of the database of the captives who were imprisoned at the camps. The exhibition presents the history and the commencement of the Nazi movement which had the main focus on the occupation of Polish land and the extermination of Jews if they showed any kind of resistance.
Jewish Museum and Synagogue
The next place of interest besides the Auschwitz Museum is the Oswiecim Synagogue which is also called the Auschwitz Synagogue. The House of Shimson Kleuger is part of the complex which includes the synagogue and houses a cafe. The synagogue was constructed in 1913 during the time of World War 2nd the Nazis demolished the interiors and used it as a depot to store military supplies, especially guns and bombs. As the war ended it was restored to its old self by a group of Jewish survivors but the caretakers had to flee from Poland due to antisemitism and it stopped operating later it was reopened in 2000 and is used for educational and religious purposes.
Visit the Oswiciem Castle with theAuschwitz Tourswhich is located on the banks of the river Sola in Oswiciem. There are two tunnels which are located beneath the castle the older one which was built before 1914 and the second which was burrowed by the Germans and the tunnels were used as bunkers. The castle has a thirteenth-century-old Gothic defence tower which is covered by a roof and also has a two-storied building around a courtyard. The castle is a brick structure and one of the preserved medieval castle towers of Poland.
Auschwitz Jewish Centre
Auschwitz Jewish Centre happens to a non-governmental organization with a sole mission to safeguard and preserve the memory of the Jews community of the city of Oswiciem and educate about the risks of anti-Semitism, intolerance and other prejudices. The Jewish museum is situated in the building that lies near the synagogue which was earlier owned by the Kornreich and Dattner families. The history of the Jewish community is presented through photographs, documents including the accounts of the former residents of Oswiciem and multimedia exhibits. It also showcases items and artefacts which were found during the archaeological excavations which were held around the year 2004- 2005. The Ner Tamid which in Hebrew means Éternal Light ‘.The ‘Register of Survivours” which was formed by the Jewish Community in 1945 is a notebook that has the names of hundreds of Jews who survived the Holocaust and returned back to Oswieciem. It also displays photographs of Jewish and Polish residents of the pre-war Oswiceim. And also has permits, certificates and letters which document the life of the Jewish community before the war.