Any country becomes perfect because of its resources and people. But behind every successful country, some people hold a significant share in the development. These people are none other than our leaders who make way for progress. India is amongst those lucky nations who have witnessed some of the best political leaders. They dedicated their whole life to the welfare of the nation. To mark their achievements, here is a quick list of the top 15 political leaders of India.
1. Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first-ever prime minister of India. He is the one who led and built the republic of India from scratch. Right from building good relations with several nations to establishing institutions, he gave all his life for the growth and development of the nation. Due to his unapologetic love towards the children, India celebrates Children’s Day on his birth anniversary.
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri was a man who sacrificed his adolescence for the freedom movement of India. His childhood was caged with poverty and encouraged him to work for the welfare of backward classes. Shastri was the first to give the famous slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. During his tenure as the prime minister of India, he signaled the Indian army to retaliate with full force in the 1965 Indo-Pak war.
3. Indira Gandhi
She is primarily known for being the only female prime minister of India to date. Before entering into politics, she traveled with her father Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru and assisted him in his work. These qualities summed up to let her take the charge of prime minister chair of India in 1966 after the demise of Lal Bahadur Shashtri.
4. PV Narsimha Rao
PV Narsimha Rao was the 9th prime minister of India. He is known for being a scholar and an intellectual. He had written many fiction books in multiple languages because of his great command over six Indian languages. As a prime minister, he introduced many economic reforms to elevate the economy of India. The man also played a vital role in the freedom struggle of Hyderabad against nizams. This is why he is sometimes referred to as the “modern Chanakya of India”.
5. Sardar Vallabhai Patel
The map of India in its current form today is a result of the hard work of Sardar Vallabhai Patel. He is the man who united India after independence. He was a lawyer by profession but refused to join any lawyer post offered by the British government. After being inspired by Gandhi’s words, Vallabhai Patel joined many veteran leaders in the freedom struggle of India. A special day name Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated on the 31st of October to mark the birth anniversary of Great Sardar Vallabhai Patel who integrated India.
6. Rajiv Gandhi
After the assassination of his mother, the Indian National Congress party appointed Rajiv Gandhi as the Prime Minister of India. He holds the credit for enhancing the communication and IT sector of India. It is during his time as prime minister when the telecommunication service providers MTNL and VSNL were formed.
7. Atal Bihari Bajpayee
He served as the prime minister of India three times. Due to some disputes within the party and coalition, the first two terms did not go well. However, he stabilized the Indian economy very well during his third term. He even made an effort to solve the Kashmir issue peacefully. Bajpayee is counted amongst the most respected politicians of India due to his honesty, dedication, and love towards the nation.
8. Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was popularly known as “Netaji”. He is one of the quintessential freedom fighters. He formed the Indian National Army which sowed the seed of fear amongst the Britishers. His intelligence helped the Indian freedom movement go firmly. Bose gave many nationalist slogans such as ‘Jai Hind’ and initiated the concept of Swaraj.
9. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Hailing from the Siwan district of Bihar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of India. He is known to have acquired his leadership qualities during his college days. In the year 1906, he formed the Bihari Students Conference which later gave rise to many famous freedom fighters. After he completed his studies, he devoted all his intelligence and strength to the freedom struggle movements of India.
10. Jyoti Basu
He was the longest-serving chief minister of India before Sikkim’s Chief Minister Pawan Chamling. From 1977 to 2000, Jyoti Basu served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal. During the 1943 Bengal Famine, he was actively involved in the Public relief campaigns. He enacted various land reforms policies to enrich the agriculture sector of the state.
11. Nitish Kumar
Despite the great potential, Bihar was unable to grow at its full pace. Some reasons behind this were poverty, corruption, lack of education, etc. But, under the leadership of Nitish Kumar, the state has improved to a considerable extent in terms of education, crime, and corruption.
12. Arvind Kejriwal
From a social activist to the 7th chief minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal has won the heart of Delhi. He defeated a strong candidate Sheila Dikshit in the 2013 Delhi Vidhan sabha elections. Later in his second term as Delhi’s CM, he worked for the improvement of Delhi in the health and education sectors.
13. J. Jayalalithaa
J. Jayalalithaa was a famous Indian Actress turned politician. She was elected as the Chief Miniter of Tamilnadu six times. Her followers in Tamil Nadu used to refer to her as Amma meaning “mother”. One of her successful moves as a chief minister was Amma’s Canteen. This was made in order to serve low-cost food for the underprivileged people.
14. Manohar Parrikar
Manohar Parrikar is counted amongst the best defense ministers of India. His fire for the safety of the nation is what made the URI surgical strike successful. For the welfare of Indian soldiers, he also launched the One rank-One pension scheme.
15. Narendra Modi
There have been many politicians in India but only a few can set a wave of themselves amongst the people. One such personality is Mr. Narendra Modi. He is the first prime minister of India who was born after India received Independence. He has worked toward making India self-reliant by promoting privatization and liberalization of Industries.